Main Topics of the Congress
Successful transformation of agricultural sector for LDN: focusing to enhance the soil health in the food production chain:
The soil health is the capacity of a soil to function, within ecosystem and land use boundaries, to sustain productivity, maintain environmental quality, and promote plant and animal health. The use of uncontrolled pesticides and chemical fertilizers and poor land/soil management practices in conventional agriculture damages soil biodiversity, makes the land unsuitable for food, and trigger to land degradation. In this context, the agricultural sector needs to be transformed by developing actions to ensure soil health considering food security which is one of the most important milestones in achieving the goal of LDN.
Successful transformation of forest sector for LDN: focus on preventing forest loss:
Deforestation permanently destroys valuable plant and wildlife species and also can impact heavily on communities who are dependent on forests as a source of emergency income. In many countries, local people are one of the driving forces behind forest conversion. The transformation strategies need to be more focused on helping these people derive greater, sustainable income from forests. This may include making direct rewards to local people for conserving their forests. The efforts to help people and governments make appropriate land-use decisions is a fundamentals step to transform forest sector.
Data-driven decision making across the LDN transformation process: Today’s advanced analysis methods and the increasing availability of data are putting ever more opportunities on policy development, implementation and monitoring of their impacts. Decisions based on intuition and experience are increasingly being challenged by a data-driven decision-making. In the domain of LDN and its transportive implementation needs use of these opportunities to predict the expected results and monitoring of the middle or long-term changes.
Integrated planning approaches for sustainable use of land/soil resource:
Conventional land-use planning has frequently failed to produce a substantial improvement in land management or to satisfy the priority objectives of the land users. In order to achieve LDN by 2030, a cross-sectorial and spatial approach to land use planning is required so that interventions designed to avoid, reduce or reverse land degradation can be spatially optimized across the landscape in order to achieve no net loss. Moreover, planning processes must be able to navigate the inevitable social, economic and environmental tradeoffs resulting from competing demands for land so that solutions can be identified and pursued more strategically, helping promote agriculture productivity and ecosystem health simultaneously.
Unlocking the investment for LDN :
Soil ecosystem services (ES) that flow from land-based natural capital provide multiple benefits to humans but to date no consensus has formed on a comprehensive framework for their classification and economic valuation, and therefore a systematic approach has not been developed to evaluate their importance. Therefore, there is a need to develop a comprehensive framework for the economic assessment of soil ecosystem services in order to better inform decision-making at various levels of governance in order to monitoring and impact assessment of LDN.
Role of Gender in LDN to achieve the SDG:
The first-ever Gender Action Plan to the UNCCD was adopted at COP13 in Ordos, China. Its overall goal is to support and enhance the implementation of the gender-related decisions and mandates adopted in the UNCCD process. The Convention recognizes the importance of women in order to achieve the LDN , and identifies critical areas for their engagement: (i) awareness-raising, and participation in the design and implementation of programmes; (ii) decision-making processes that men and women adopt at the local level in the governance of development, implementation and review of regional and national action programmes (RAPs and NAPs); and (iii) capacity-building, education and public awareness, particularly at local level through the support of local organizations.
Sustainable value chains for land degradation neutrality:
Land degradation is a critical issue for all businesses. For example, it can affect the cost and benefit of the companies by affecting the availability and cost of resources. It relates not only to businesses that directly extract or collect resources from land (agriculture, food or forestry) but also to businesses that have indirect links to land through supply or value chains (i.e. chemicals, apparel, tourism, insurance and finance). Achieving LDN will only be possible if interventions combine biophysical solutions with efforts to ensure the livelihoods of those using the land. Incorporating sustainable value chain development into LDN interventions is critical for achieving LDN. Moreover, it is important to achieve LDN targets, in order to ensure sustainability of the supply and value chain of agriculture and forestry-related sectors.